Escaping Criticism by Pere Borrell del Caso, 1874
Trompe-l’œil, which can also be spelled without the hyphen in English as trompe l’oeil, (French for deceive the eye) is an art technique involving extremely realistic imagery in order to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects exist in three dimensions. Forced perspective is a comparable illusion in architecture.
Trompe l’œil by Henry Fuseli (1750)
Portrait of a Carthusian by Petrus Christus (1446). Note the fly near the bottom.
Painter with a Pipe and Book by Gerard Dou
A trompe l’oeil black board.
Jacopo de’ Barbari, 1504. The first still-life trompe l’oeil since antiquity
The “sculpture” is a flat cutout
A Bachelor’s Drawer by John Haberle (1890–94)
Detail of the forced perspective stage scenery of the Teatro Olimpico, as viewed through the porta reggia of the scaenae frons.
Fresco with trompe l’œil dome painted on low vaulting, Jesuit Church, Vienna, byAndrea Pozzo, 1703