The Lithuanian artist Jacques Lipchitz was a Cubist sculptor. Although he studied engineering in Lithuania under the influence of his father, he went to France to study art. In France, he studied at the Académie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He joined the Montparnasse and Montmartre communities, which had members such as Pablo Picasso and Juan Gris. He adapted himself to the art community so quickly that he became a Cubist sculptor.
Just three years after his arrival in France, he displayed his sculptures at the Salon d’Automne and the Salon de la Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts. It was in 1920 that Jacques Lipchitz had his first solo exhibition in Paris at Léonce Rosenberg’s Galerie L’Effort Moderne. He always tried his best to be creative. In his 20s, he experimented with transparent sculptures that are part of abstract form experimentation. But later, the artist transformed his style into a dynamic one. But unfortunately, with the Nazi invasion and attacks on Jews, the artist had to move to New York, USA.
After settling in America, he did not stop creating and working. Jacques Lipchitz became one of the 250 sculptors who displayed artworks in the Third Sculpture International Exhibition in 1949. In 1963, the artist returned to Europe and lived there for several months each year.
Although many people think that being a refugee because of the political situation at that time is quite lucky, the artist is also quite lucky. because he could have the chance to observe artistic transformation in Europe. He became one of the first examples of a Cubist artist. His art life can be divided into three parts: his Cubist sculptures in the 1920s, his abstract sculptures at the beginning of World War II, and his Judaist sculptures in his late life. Jacques Lipchitz died when he was 81. The artist is now regarded as one of the most important Cubist sculptors.